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Chlamydial infections in women, which are usually asymptomatic, can result in pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID), which is a major cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention STD treatment guidelines, 2010; 59
Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women increases the risk of miscarriage. Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal September 2011;(17) 9
Chlamydia screening can reduce the incidence of pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID) by sixty percent. New England Journal of Medicine 1996; 34 (21):1362
Pregnant women infected with chlamydia can pass the infection to their infants during delivery, potentially resulting in neonatal eye infection and pneumonia. MMWR Recommendation 2011; 60(1):18
To detect chlamydia in women, vaginal swabs are more sensitive compared to urine samples. International Journal of STD & AIDS April 2010; 21 (4) 283
Chlamydia trachomatis infection, a sexually transmitted disease associated with serious adverse outcomes among women, including pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, tubal-factor infertility, and chronic pelvic pain. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: November 2011: 38 (11) 989

Chlamydia, one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease today, is documented 5000 years ago in Egyptian medical literature Ebers Papyrus

Chlamydia should be tested annually among sexually active young women and male sex partners of infected women. Men and women infected with Chlamydia should be retested three months after treatment. Centers for Disease Control. USA

Women seeking fertility treatment are more likely to require IVF to conceive if they have a positive chlamydia serology than women who are negative for Chlamydia.  American Society for Reproductive Medicine 66th Annual Meeting: Denver, USA; October 2010
Rectal testing increased the overall detection rate of chlamydial and gonorrheal infections by 15%. Rectal testing might augment overall detection of STIs, even in women without histories of anal intercourse. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2010 Apr;115(4):753
Chlamydia & Joint pain: Reactive arthritis (Reiter's syndrome) is an autoimmune disorder that develops in response to an infection elsewhere in the body. Sexually transmitted Chlamydia infection may trigger reactive arthritis due to migration of the organism to the joint tissue. Pain and swelling in the sacroiliac joints, knees, ankles and feet are common, which may be long standing in 20 % of patients.
  

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