Bacterial vaginosis is associated with increased risk of for acquisition of HIV. Cohen CR et al. Plos Med 2012;9:e1001251

Bacterial vaginosis promotes viral shedding among HIV-infected females. Mitchell C et al. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2013;29:13

Bacterial vaginosis increases the susceptibility to gonorrhea. Wiesenfield HC et al. Clin Infect Dis 2003;37:319

Bacterial vaginosis is associated with heightened susceptibility to HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) Caixeta RC et al Diagn Cytopathol 2015;43:780 

Bacterial vaginosis increases the susceptibility to trichomoniasis. Balkus JE et al Sex Transm Dis 2014; 41:23

Bacterial vaginosis increases the susceptibility to genital herpes (HSV type 2). Cherpes TL et al  Clin Inf Dis 2003;37:319

Women whose male partners are uncircumcised are at greater risk of bacterial vaginosis. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2009;200:42.e1
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is associated with having a new sexual partner, female sexual partners, multiple sexual partners, and with not using condoms. Clinical Infectious Disease 2008; 47:1426
Sexual activity disrupts the vaginal ecosystem and increases the risk of BV, either by decreasing colonization with protective lactobacilli or by increasing the presence of BV-associated species like Gardnerella vaginalis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: December 2011; 38 (12): 1137
The use of hormonal contraception reduces the risk of recurrence of Bacterial vaginosis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2006 Jun 1; 193 (11):1478
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most prevalent cause of symptomatic vaginal discharge and is a risk factor for preterm birth and acquisition of HIV. American Journal of Medicine 1983; 74:14
Presence of Mobiluncus curtisii in the vaginal flora was found to be highly associated with recurrence of Bacterial vaginosis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases June 2008; 35 (6):  611
Twenty five percent of male sexual partners of women attending an STD clinic were found to have Gardnerella vaginalis on PCR test Sexually Transmitted Diseases: February 2009;36(2):92

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